FES is proud that for many years, the core partners of FES have stayed the same. FES highly values these partnerships and looks forward to continuing the well-working cooperation in the years to come.
Partners of FES Beijing
The membership of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions stood at nearly 300 million in 2022 according to official figures. Beneath the umbrella body there is a dual union structure. This means that national and regional trade unions and sector-specific trade unions exist in parallel.
Altogether, there are 31 local trade union associations at provincial and regional level and ten industry-specific trade unions. In addition, ACTFU is responsible for a large number of social institutions and services. The cooperation between FES and ACTFU was established in 1983, comprising joint seminars, visiting delegations and other forms of exchange of experience between German trade unions and ACTFU or associated institutions. It focuses on issues of labour law, interest representation, practical problems of collective bargaining, corporate social responsibility and the role of trade unions under globalization. On the basis of a mandate from the DGB and its member unions FES supports exchanges between Chinese and German trade unions.
CAFIU was established in 1981 and has been the FES’s contractual partner in Beijing since 1986.
Members and supporters of the Association include the Communist Party of China (CPC) and other political parties, as well as civil organisations, prominent public figures and academics. The goal of the Association is international dialogue and exchange of experiences in order to foster deeper mutual understanding and friendship between political parties, civil-society-related research institutions and international organisations on a non-governmental level. Currently, CAFIU is cooperating with more than 250 organisations in 110 countries. CAFIU has the status of consultant to the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), just like the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung. The cooperation between FES and CAFIU is based mainly on joint programmes. CAFIU is also a partner for FES in establishing occasional cooperation with other Chinese institutions. Together with CAFIU, FES is one of the implementational organisations to conduct the German-Chinese dialogue on human rights. This dialogue started in 1999 and also involves the Chinese Foundation for the Development of Human Rights. Since 2001, in association with CAFIU, FES has been cooperating with the International Department at the Central Committee of the CPC on a German-Chinese dialogue on international security policy, in whose implementation CAFIU is also strongly involved.
The China Foundation for Human Rights Development was established as a non-governmental organisation with the goal of contributing to the development and improvement of human rights in China, promoting cooperation between China and other countries on questions of human rights and jointly working towards the improvement of human rights worldwide. In practice, the Foundation conducts international exchanges of views on human rights, undertakes research and provides training on human rights, engages in social aid projects and rewards organisations and individuals for their outstanding contributions to human rights. Between 1999 and 2014, FES and the CFHRD have conducted, in collaboration with CAFIU, a German-Chinese dialogue on human rights.
The Chinese Institutes for Contemporary International Relations (CICIR) is one of the largest Chinese think tanks on foreign and security policy. This resear developments ch institute is devoted to the analysis of political, economic and security policy-related at global, regional and national level. The results of their research are presented to relevant government institutions or distributed to a broader audience by means of internal publications. FES holds joint workshops with the CICIR focusing on foreign and security policy-related topics and promotes academic exchanges.
The China University of Industrial Relations (CULR) is an institution of higher education, which is affiliated to the All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU) and was founded in Tianjin in 1946 and moved to Beijing in 1954.
Research and teaching on topics of social and management sciences with a focus on trade unionism, labour law, industrial relations, social security, economic management and public administration. CIIR and FES conduct roundtable discussions and academic exchanges as well as exchanges of trade unionists on topics of labour relations.
The Central Party School of the Communist Party of China is the central institution devoted to the education and training of high- and mid-level cadres of the CPC.
Since the beginning of the opening-up policy around 50,000 political cadres in a variety of positions have been trained there, including ministers and party secretaries at provincial level. Apart from teaching Marxist studies and party politics, the Central Party School of the Communist Party of China also touches on Western political theories, economic justice, international law and security policy. FES in cooperation with the Party University conducts an exchange of views and experiences on the development of social democracy and its current challenges.
The Society of the People of Sichuan for friendship with foreign countries, or Friendship Society (FSS) for short, is a provincial organisation dedicated to non-governmental issues.
It sees itself as a window to foreign countries for friendly exchange between peoples. The Friendship Society was established in 1981. As a member organisation of the Chinese Society of the People for Friendship with Foreign Countries, the Friendship Society is devoted to "deepening friendship between peoples, promoting international cooperation, preserving world peace and supporting joint development". The cooperation between Sichuan Province and FES started in the early 1980s, addressing issues of economics and society. This cooperation has helped to give impetus to the reform and opening up of Sichuan province. Between 1984 and 1994 FES had an office in Chengdu. From 1995 onwards, the FES Beijing office started to manage the FES side of joint projects and programs with the Friendship Society. Currently, the exchange focuses on issues related to the environmentally and socially sustainable development of Sichuan.
The International Department at the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (IDCPC) is responsible for international relations and exchanges of views with foreign parties and organisations.
The Department was established in 1951. Today, it has contacts with more than 400 political parties in more than 140 countries. It also analyses the international situation and drafts recommendations on Chinese foreign policy. FES and the IDCPC hold joint workshops and information programmes in China and Germany/Europe, focusing on questions related to China's opening-up and reform policy, as well as international relations. Since 2001, FES has been cooperating with the IDCPC on a German-Chinese dialogue on international security policy. Based on a comprehensive definition of security, this dialogue deals with central questions of multilateral conflict prevention and management. These joint initiatives complement the relations between the Social Democratic Party of Germany and the Communist Party of China.
The Institute of Constitutional Law at the Chinese University for Politics and Law (CUPL) in Beijing specialises in the research on Chinese constitutional law, as well as foreign constitutional law. Apart from their teaching activities, the members of the Institute focus on theoretical and practical questions of constitutional law, such as the principle of constitutionalism or constitutional development. The Institute is dedicated to the promotion of constitutionalism in China.
The Social Security Research Centre of China at Renmin University is the oldest educational and research institute in the field of social security.As one of the leading institutions in this field it also advises the Chinese government on the reform of social insurance systems, which is also the main focus in education and research. FES holds seminars together with the Social Security Research Centre on issues related to reform of the social security system in China and thus provides a platform for German and international expertise in the process.
The Chinese-German Institute for law at the Chinese University for Politics and Law (CUPL) emerged from the Research Center for German law at the institute for comparative law in November 2002.
The institute’s mission is to promote and deepen the contact and the cooperation between German and Chinese stakeholders concerning judicial training, research and the setup of the Chinese judicial system. Furthermore, the institute advocates advancing the dialogue between China and Germany and China and Europe concerning questions of the constitutional state. FES Beijing is cooperating with the institute and the Institute of Constitutional Law at the CUPL especially within the annually implemented Chinese-German constitutional forum since 2010.
The Central Compilation & Translation Bureau was founded in 1953 and is an institution of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. Its main task is the research and translation of Marxist writings from Chinese to several foreign languages and vice versa.
The Central Compilation & Translation Bureau also publishes its own publications, e.g. the journal “Contemporary World and Socialism”
The Party Literature Research Centre of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was founded in 1950. It is dedicated to the research, compilation, editing and publication on Chinese socialism and the ideas and concepts of the Chinese party leadership.
The Party Literature Research Office and FES are regularly conducting conferences on topics such as the comparison of German/European Social Democracy and Chinese Communism as well as current political and societal challenges Germany/Europe and China are facing.
Partners of FES Shanghai
Fudan University is among the best known universities in China. It ranks number three in the national university rankings and has 16 institutes, 72 faculties and 65 research institutes. About 2,800 of the roughly 26,800 students enrolled at Fudan are foreigners.
The university cooperates with more than 200 universities, colleges and research institutes from about 30 countries and has a 105-year history, especially in the arts and humanities. Fudan University and FES Shanghai had been working together for a couple of years before the partnership was put on a more formal basis in 2007. On the occasion of the visit of former German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder, the former head of Shanghai FES office Katja Meyer and Fudan vice president Professor YAN Shuang signed a memorandum to build up the »Fudan-FES Forum«.
The Legislative Affairs Office is an administrative branch directly under the Shanghai Municipal People’s Government and is responsible for governmental legislative affairs in the whole municipality. The office is responsible for the planning and administration of Shanghai’s judiciary. It creates, modifies and checks the bills that are presented to the committee of the municipal People’s Congress for approval; interprets laws and regulations in special cases; organizes the translation of laws into foreign languages; and examines the functionality and implementation of the administrative legal system. The Legislative Affairs Office is a significant carrier and motor for the reform process and actively supports international cooperation and exchange.
The cooperation between the Legislative Affairs Office and FES began in 2003. The focus of the dialogue is the reform, structure and functions of public administration. The cooperation also covers governance issues, local participation and as well as the development of the rule of law.
Founded as early as 1949, the Shanghai Party Institute (SPI) resumed work shortly after the Cultural Revolution. It established the Shanghai Administrative Cadres Institute (SACI) in 1986, renamed the Shanghai Administration Institute (SAI) in 1989. The SAI is the College of Administration and the College of the CCP in Shanghai.
It has more than 400 employees and more than 10 departments. Every year, there are more than 100 courses, with the participation of about 10,000 cadres and civil servants. SAI’s research programmes provide the Chinese government with a variety of valuable information. The cooperation between FES Shanghai and SAI took off in 2000 and has been extended considerably since then. In their cooperation the two partners emphasize research into political party theory and practice, as well as the reform, structure and functions of public administration.
The Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences (SASS) is one of the leading think tanks of China and a distinguished academic institution. Founded in 1958 and administered by the Municipal Government of Shanghai, SASS is China’s oldest institution for the humanities and social sciences as well as the second-largest one outside of Beijing.
SASS has 17 institutes and more than 20 interdisciplinary centres that conduct theoretical research and applied studies in humanities and social sciences, with a special focus on the current social and economic transformation and the country’s continual reform and development. It conducts policy studies for government authorities, and offers training and consulting services. Its research findings and publications have been particularly influential with both policy-makers and the greater public. The cooperation between FES Shanghai and SASS dates back to the early 1980s.
The Shanghai Institutes for International Studies (SIIS) are the main partner of FES in Shanghai. In 1985, the first contract between the two was ratified. From then on the cooperation grew steadily closer and the areas of work expanded.
Founded in 1960, SIIS is one of China’s most important think tanks. It engages mainly in questions regarding foreign and security policy and international relations. The institute advises the Shanghai municipal government as well as the central government and has as its main task supporting China’s opening up and international relations. It studies mainly the United States, Japan, Europe, Russia and the Asia-Pacific region, focusing on relations between major powers and China's periphery environment. This way, the SIIS supports the opening-up process in a sustainable manner and cooperates with foreign policy decision-makers and institutions in 30 different countries. The cooperation’s centrepiece is the annual Shanghai Workshop on Global Governance, a dialogue platform on questions of global affairs for experts on politics and economics from China, Germany and other Asian and European countries.
The Shanghai Municipal Trade Union Council (SMTUC) was founded in 1925. It has the status of Provincial Federation of Trade Unions under the guidance of the All-Chinese Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU).
The Federation of Workers’ Unions concentrates on participation, further training and qualifications for the employees and on measures to improve work safety. SMTUC is the umbrella organisation of all Shanghai workers’ unions. It has about 5 million members and represents 131 workers’ unions (covering more than 110,000 enterprises and companies) in total. It has relations and cooperates with workers’ unions from more than 17 countries.
The Shanghai Women’s Federation (SWF) is the regional subdivision of the All-China Women’s Federation and thus part of a mass organisation.
Founded in August 1950, the SWF’s purpose is to protect the legal rights and interests of Shanghai women and to support gender mainstreaming. The federation advises the municipal government on development issues concerning Shanghai women and is monitoring the project’s progress. The association has an institutional representation in the Shanghai People’s Congress. The SWF has established several professional associations to connect women in certain professions (journalism, law, enterprise and so on). Furthermore, the SWF hosts training courses on a regular basis and supports the political participation of women in Shanghai. Since 1995 the Shanghai Women’s Federation has been FES’s main partner in questions regarding women and gender policy.
Tongji University was founded as a German medical school for Chinese in Shanghai in 1907, under the direction of the German doctor Dr Erich Paulun. In 1927, it became Tongji National University.
The departments range from natural and educational sciences through engineering, economics, medicine and law to philosophy. There are about 30,000 students at Tongji. The Chinesisch-Deutsches Hochschulkolleg (CDHK) was opened in February 1998 as a communal institution of the Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst (DAAD), Tongji University and German economy. About 300 masters students are taught in the fields of economic law, economics, electrical engineering and engineering. FES has a longstanding cooperation with the Deutschland Forschungszentrum of Tongji University on a political, economic and social developments in Germany.